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Last Updated: September 14, 2021

Oregon - The Beaver State

Oregon is situated in the Pacific Northwest region of the US and has a population of around 4 million. Salem is the state's capital city, whereas Portland is the largest city. Oregon was declared as a state on February 14, 1859. It is officially known as the "Beaver State" because of the large beaver population that contributed to the economy with its fur. It was hunted to a great extent with a possibility of decline. The government later initiated efforts to save the beaver population. Interestingly, the back of the state flag consists of the picture of a golden beaver. The American beaver is also the state's official animal. Oregon is a state of diverse landscapes- from several valleys, rivers, forests, arid as well as fertile lands, and experiences a temperate to a Mediterranean climate.

Major Cities in Oregon


Situated in Multnomah County, the city of Portland is the largest city in Oregon. It has a population of around 645,000. The city was founded in 1845 and is popularly called 'City of Roses' because a wide variety of roses are grown here. It is also popular for inhabiting people from diverse communities and is a cultural hub. Portland is also a technological center with major companies like Intel, HP, Tektronix, and FLIR systems headquartered here. Other popular firms like Adidas North America, Nike, Columbia Sportswear, etc. are also situated here. The city has a cost of living higher than the national average. Top educational institutes like the Portland State University, Reed College, University of Portland, are located in this city.


Salem was founded in the year 1842 (initially called Chemeketa) and was established as a city in 1857. It is the second-biggest city after Portland and has a population of about 170,000. A beautiful and vibrant city, Salem is also the capital of the state of Oregon. It was once known for its flourishing agricultural sector and the fertility of its land. It also got its nickname 'Cherry City' because of the abundant cherry production in the past. The city is popular for its Oregon State Fair, and the Salem Film Festival, as well as one of the top educational institutions, Corban University.


Founded in the year 1846, the city was named after a famous explorer, Sir Eugene Franklin Skinner. It was incorporated as a city in 1862. Eugene is the third-largest city in Oregon with a population of about 168,000. It is home to major institutes of higher learning such as the University of Oregon, and Northwest Christian University. The city is widely popular for its scenic beauty ideal for various fun activities like biking, hiking, and trekking. Popular tourist attractions in the city are Alton Baker Park, the Lane County Farmers Market, Cascades Raptor Center, Mount Pisgah Arboretum, Hendricks Park, Shelton-McMurphey-Johnson House, Owen Rose Garden, and so on. The cost of living is higher than the national average, especially the cost of housing and transportation.


Named after the American Civil War general, Walter Quintin Gresham, the city was established in the year 1905. It is the fourth largest city in Oregon with an approximate population count of 110,000. Gresham was once known for its strong agricultural sector that greatly contributed to the state's economy. Serp Enterprise, ON Semiconductor, US Foods, Microchip Technology Inc., etc. are the major companies located here. The city is also known for its wide range of outdoor activities and houses several tourist attractions such as Oxbow Regional Park, Powell Butte Nature Park, Blue Lake Regional Park, Dabney State Recreation Area, and so on.

Economy/Job Market

The state of Oregon once used to have a mostly agro-based and potentially strong economy. With time, the state faced major changes that introduced many other sectors that contributed to the state's economy to date.

Tuition Fee and Living Cost in Oregon

The cost of living is high in Oregon, making the state the 5th most expensive state to live in. Housing costs are the highest, whereas healthcare and utilities are lower when compared to the national average. The median household income is around $63,000. However, with an average salary higher than the nation's average, the cost of living can be somewhat compromised. For students planning to live in this state for pursuing higher education, it is advisable to be financially secure and look for the best scholarship options. With a wide range of scholarships and grants offered, education is mostly affordable, especially for in-state students.

List of Few Major Universities/Colleges

The top universities/colleges in the state of Oregon are:

Scholarships/Financial Aid for Students

For a state's economy to flourish, adequate employment opportunities are a must, but it is equally essential to educate the youth of the nation. It is important to make high-quality education affordable and accessible to all. In a state like Oregon, where the cost of living is higher than the national average, solely depending on work-study programs may not be all that easy. For this reason, the state, as well as colleges/universities offer various grants and scholarships to make education hassle-free. These programs are mostly based on several categories like financial need, academic merit, vocation, degree program, ethnicity, and so on. To analyze the eligibility of the candidates, the Free Application For Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is to be filled by all students.


Tourism is a major sector that contributes to the state's economic growth. The primary reason is that Oregon is undeniably one of the most beautiful states to visit in America. With its fertile lands that produce the best and the most fragrant flowers, bewitching forests, and beautiful lakes and rivers, Oregon has an elysian quality to it. Some of the tourist destinations that one must surely visit in this state are Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Cannon Beach, Crater Lake National Park, Mount Hood National Forest, Hood River, Samuel H. Boardman State Scenic Corridor, Silver Falls State Park, Newberry National Volcanic Monument, Owen Rose Garden, and so on. Apart from these places, the Beaver state also offers some of the most delectable dishes like Pok Pok's chicken wings, Moonstruck Chocolates, Dungeness Crab, Marionberry pie, Dumplings, and more.

Universities & Colleges in Oregon

University (city) Total StudentsUG (in) / UG (out)G (in) / G (out)
Oregon State University (Corvallis) 38110$12545 / $33454$15681 / $28227
Portland State University (Portland) 32445$8363 / $24045$14636 / $20908
University of Oregon (Eugene) 25203$13590 / $38681$18818 / $31363
Reed College (Portland) 1453$52272 / $52272$N/A / $N/A
University of Portland (Portland) 4338$44954 / $44954$17772 / $17772
Pacific University (Forest Grove) 4260$49136 / $49136$35545 / $35545
Oregon State University-Cascades Campus (Bend) 1740$11499 / $32408$15681 / $28227
George Fox University (Newberg) 4595$39727 / $39727$14636 / $14636
Oregon Institute of Technology (Klamath Falls) 8010$11499 / $31363$15681 / $24045
Corban University (Salem) 1531$35545 / $35545$10454 / $10454
Southern Oregon University (Ashland) 7934$11499 / $28227$20908 / $24045
Northwest Christian University (Eugene) 1196$33454 / $33454$18818 / $18818
Linfield College-McMinnville Campus (McMinnville) 1700$40772 / $40772$N/A / $N/A
Western Oregon University (Monmouth) 5770$10454 / $29272$18818 / $27181
Eastern Oregon University (La Grande) 4742$10454 / $22999$16727 / $19863
Concordia University-Portland (Portland) 7182$30318 / $30318$22999 / $22999
University of Western States (Portland) 839$N/A / $N/A$8363 / $8363
Linfield College-School of Nursing (Portland) 350$41817 / $41817$N/A / $N/A
Birthingway College of Midwifery (Portland) 81$21954 / $21954$N/A / $N/A
Linfield College-Online and Continuing Education (McMinnville) 367$14636 / $14636$14636 / $14636
Oregon Health & Science University (Portland) 3301$21954 / $34499$28227 / $28227
New Hope Christian College-Eugene (Eugene) 140$16727 / $16727$10454 / $10454
Mount Angel Seminary (Saint Benedict) 168$25090 / $25090$25090 / $25090
The Art Institute of Portland (Portland) 899$18818 / $18818$N/A / $N/A
University of Phoenix-Oregon (Tigard) 270$12545 / $12545$15681 / $15681
Oregon College of Art and Craft (Portland) 151$31363 / $31363$37636 / $37636
Warner Pacific College (Portland) 708$19863 / $19863$9409 / $9409
Multnomah University (Portland) 788$29272 / $29272$14636 / $14636
National College of Natural Medicine (Portland) 670$11499 / $11499$16727 / $16727
Pioneer Pacific College (Wilsonville) 1170$14636 / $14636$N/A / $N/A
Lewis & Clark College (Portland) 3526$48090 / $48090$20908 / $20908
Western Seminary (Portland) 726$N/A / $N/A$14636 / $14636
Pacific Northwest College of Art (Portland) 609$42863 / $42863$36590 / $36590
Marylhurst University (Marylhurst) 982$21954 / $21954$17772 / $17772
Willamette University (Salem) 2614$55408 / $55408$45999 / $45999
Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (Portland) 258$N/A / $N/A$27181 / $27181

*UG - Undergraduate
*G - Graduate
*in - In-state Fees
*out - Out-of-State Fees
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